We recommend the following field guides and mushroom identification books which include many foods that grow in Ontario:
Reports on Ontario forest and freshwater foods:
- Report by Ontario Nature (2014), Beyond the fields: The value of forest and freshwater foods in Northern Ontario. http://www.ontarionature.org/discover/resources/PDFs/reports/beyond_the_fields.pdf
Edible Plant Identification
- A Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants of Eastern and Central North America. By: Lee Allen Peterson, Peterson Field Guides, Published with Houghton Mifflin Company in 1997. This book is organized in broad categories of flowering plants, woody plants and miscellaneous plants. For each species identification, location and use are described. It also includes detailed descriptions of poisonous plants that can be confused with the edibles discussed in the book.
- Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants. By: Bradford Angier, Published with Stackpole Books, First printed in 1974. This book contains over 100 edible wild plant species and nuts and gives a description of each species, other names, where they can be found and their edibility.
- Field Guide to Medicinal Wild Plants. By: Bradford Angier, published with Stackpole Books, First printed in 1978. In the same style as above but focused on plants known for their medicinal value.
Ontario Field Guides:
- Forest plants of Central Ontario: Cottage Country, Algonquin Park, Ottawa Valley, Lake Huron, Georgian Bay. By: Brenda Chambers, Karen Legasy, Cathy V. Bentley. First published by Lone Pine in 1996. This is a field guide to forest plants in Central Ontario covering the Great Lakes St. Lawrence Forest Region (south of the Boreal forests, North of the Carolinian Forests) The Great Lakes St. Lawrence Forest region is a mix of conifer and hardwood forest ecosystems. When applicable, food and medicinal uses of the species are mentioned in brief and is based on other information sources. Further inquiry into the edibility of the forest plants is necessary.
- Forest Plants of Northeastern Ontario. By: Karen Legacy, Shayna LaBelle-Beadman, Brenda Chambers. First published by Lone Pine in 1995. This field guide covers the mixed forest ecosystems of Northeastern Ontario – from coniferous wetlands, jack pine forests to cedar swamps and spruce bogs. The authors include information on edibility and medicinal uses of the species – this information is for interest sake only and should be verified through other sources.
- Wetland Plants of Ontario. By: Steven G. Newmaster, Allan G. Harris, Linda J. Kershaw. First Published by Lone Pine in 1997. This identification guidebook covers plants growing in Ontario’s seasonally or permanently waterlogged areas such as lakes, rivers, marshes, swamps and bogs.
- Le Grand Livre des Champignon, du Quebec et de l’est du Canada. By Raymond McNeil, 2006, published by: Editions Michel Quintin. This is very extensive guide to mushroom identification. It is written in French but you will find both Latin and English names of the mushrooms included as well as pictures. This book is useful for the more experienced mushroom picker.
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